The SPO conducted eight Health and Hygiene training sessions in the month of September 2015;two sessions for male TDPs, twosessions for female TDPs, twosessions for local male community members and two sessions for local female community members were organised. In each session 20 participants attended the training. The female sessions were conducted in their respective areas and the male sessions were conducted in SPO-Office. One male TDPs session and one female TDPs session were conducted in the month of August. Hence, total 10 health and hygiene sessions were conducted in which 120 TDPs households (60 male and 60 female) and 80 local community households (40 male and 40 female) were provided the training. The training to TDPs participants were delivered in their native Pashto language and for this purpose male trainers were selected while for the local communities Saraki language was used as a mean of communication.
The training started with the recitation of verses from Holy Quran by a member among the participants. After recitation, training participants introduced themselves with their name, educational qualifications and occupation. The trainer oriented the participants about the agenda points in detail. After that a short pretesting assessment was conducted by asking simple questions from the participants to know their basic knowledge and practices regarding hygiene practices before the start of training. The answers were noted on the questionnaire. At the end of the training post-testswere conducted for comparing hygiene knowledge with pretestingresponds. Participants were encouraged to speak openly and to ask questions from the trainer where ever they perceive to clarify their query.
During the training, different participatory approaches were used such asbeginning of session with brainstorming through questions and answers to provoke thoughts of the participants; to get them ready and receptive for trainings and for receiving hygiene messages. Trainer conducted group works and facilitated groups in achieving the group tasks during the group work, followed by presentations by each group. The trainer effectively used IEC (Educational, Information and Communication) materials for understanding on hygiene messages. Each IEC material/content was fully explained to the participants and then a chance was given to the participants to explain those; thus participants were actively involved during the whole training. This made the training very interesting and participants enjoyed learning. The trainees were told that the IEC materials should be used and display at home to recall the training contents/messages.
The Hygiene kits were specially designed for the training to provide enabling environment to the participants and to practice the targeted hygiene practices as per training agenda. Each training participant was given two hygiene kits; one for him and the other for his spouse or children. Total 40 hygiene kits were distributed to 20 training participants at the end of the each training. Each Hygiene kit included one tooth brush, one tooth paste, one comb, one towel, one nail cutter, one cotton roll, one soap and one broom. Hygiene kits acknowledgments were signed by the participants for record keeping. At the end of training, closing ceremony was organised. The participants were awarded training completion certificates for encouragement and for further motivation.